The hardwood forests of the eastern United States
The hardwood forests of the eastern United States contain a wide range of temperate hardwood species, which have been managed for commercial and non-commercial purposes since the turn of the 20th century.
Their availability and characteristics vary according to growing regions but every American hardwood species is growing at a far greater rate than it is harvested. The American hardwood forests support a vibrant, healthy and increasing stand of timber, as well as a large and diverse wildlife population.
Once harvested and milled, American hardwoods offer a great variety of colour, grain and character. Most of the species featured here can be used in a wide range of applications, from fine furniture to industrial sized structural panels.
Here you could find “American hardwood species guide” link.
Learn about the Red Oak, the hardwood you will use to design your project.
OTHER COMMON NAMES: Red oak
LATIN NAME: Quercus spp, principalmente Quercus rubra
American red oak is the dominant species in the U.S. hardwood forests – with distinctive grain, and wood that is not always red in colour. The name comes from the leaf colour in the fall. Red oak may be sold on the basis of ‘northern’, ‘southern’ and ‘Appalachian’.
Thicker lumber (10/4″ & 12/4″) can be sourced in relatively small volumes from specialist suppliers, but is widely produced through out the hardwood industry from 4/4″ (25.4mm) through to 8/4″ (52mm)
In the north, the sapwood tends to be less due to the shorter growing season, than in the south where the wood is grown faster with more open grain and texture.
- In general, the sapwood of red oaks is light brown and the heartwood is often, but not always, pinkish to reddish brown. The colour difference between the sapwood and heartwood is quite distinct.
- The wood is figured with medullary rays.
- The wood is porous, and easily identified from the end grain, so not suitable for wine barrels.
- The wood is hard and heavy with medium bending strength, stiffness and high crushing strength. It has excellent steam bending capability. Being hard, stable when dry and easy to finish and stain, it is ideal for furniture and flooring.
Here some links where you could find more information about the environmental profile of this hard wood:
If you want to know more about the environmental profile of American hardwoods click in this link. For all those who go to compete it is very valuable information that you can use in your project.
You can also download the publication “Wood of American hardwoods for structural use” where you will have more information about the mechanical properties.